Santiniketan is a small town near Bolpur in the Birbhum District of West Bengal and about 212 kilometers north of Kolkata. It is 3 kilometers away from Bolpur Railway Station. Santiniketan is situated at an elevation of 200 feet above sea level, giving it a slight bulge in an otherwise flat landscape. The ground slopes gradually to 100 feet above sea-level near the Ajay River, about 3 miles to the south, and the Kopai Stream, about 2 miles to the north. The southern boundary of Santiniketan merges into a vast plain of paddy fields. On its northern fringes were the Khoai lands, with deeply indented gullies caused by erosion over denuded land.